From the beginning through the birth of Christ.
In The Beginning
- God created the heavens and
the earth, the world as we know it.
There is a time lapse of uncertain length
between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2.
It is likely that not all days are of equal
length. God's timeline is a mystery.
According to Bishop G. T. Haywood, each day
(generation) was 7000 years long.
This would mean that for 2 days, there was
light without the Sun, moon, or stars.
God created the Sun, moon, or stars. This is
the fourth day!
- Adam and Eve were God's
finishing touch. Sixth day - man's day.
- Adam allows sin to
enter into the generations of man. Gen. 3:6
- A deliverer was promised. Gen. 3:15
- Adam and Eve's first two children, Cain and Abel, were born. Gen. 4:1-2
- The first murder was committed. Cain killed Abel and then moved to the eastern land of Nod. Gen. 4:3-16
- Cain's first child, Enoch, was born. Enoch fathered sons and daughters. No dates or years were given in the line of Cain. Many discoveries and inventions were ascribed to the mental activity of Cain's posterity.
- Seth was born to Adam and Eve. Seth lived 912 years and fathered sons and daughters. Seth carried on Adam's godly family line.
- Cain's first grandchild, Irad, son of Enoch was born.
- Seth's first son, Enos, was born. Enos lived 905 years and fathered sons and daughters. According to Arabian tradition Enos prohibited intermarriages with the Cainites (descendants of Cain).
- Cain's great grandchild, Mehujael, son of Irad was born.
- Seth's first grandchild, Cainan, son of Enos was born. Cainan lived 910 years and fathered sons and daughters. (The Arabians have a tradition respecting Cainan that he held universal empire, and was celebrated for his wisdom and miraculous powers.)
- Cain's great-great grandchild, Methusael, son of Mehujael was born.
- Seth's great grandchild, Mahalaleel, son of Cainan was born. Mahalaleel lived 895 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Cain's great-great-great grandchild, Lamech, son of Methusael was born. (Lamech married two wives making him the first polygamist on record.)
- Seth's great-great grandchild, Jared, son of Mahalaleel was born. Jared lived 962 years and fathered sons and daughters. (According to an ancient Arabian tradition Jared was the first of the line of Seth who broke through the command of Enos, which prohibited intermarriage with the Cainites that tended greatly to the obliteration of every moral and religious principle. Genesis 6:1-2
- Lamech's children were born: Tubal-cain (" He was a furbisher of every cutting instrument of copper and iron." The "VULCAN" of the Greeks.) Gen. 4:22, Jabal (father of cattle men.) Gen 4:20, Jubal (father of all who handle the harp and organ.) Gen. 4:21 and Naamah (a daughter whose name means loveliness.)
- Intermarriage of the godly descendants of Seth and the ungodly descendants of Cain began. Genesis 6:1-2
- Immorality, violence and godlessness increased.
- Adam, Seth, Enoch, Cainan, Mahalaleel and Jarad continued communicating with their descendants.
- Adam talked with Seth 800 years, with Enos 695 years, Cainan 605 years, Mahalaeel 535 years, Jared 470 years, Enoch 308 years, Methuselah 243 years and with Lamech 56 years.
- Seth's great-great-great grandchild, Enoch, son of Jared was born. Enoch lived 365 years and fathered sons and daughters. ("The Arabian name of Enoch is Edris, and their traditions of him are that he was an eminent astronomer, mathematician and prophet of God.")
- Seth's great-great-great-great grandchild, Methuselah, son of Enoch was born. Methuselah lived 969 years, making him the oldest of the ancient ones, and the oldest man to ever live. (Methuselah's name means, "At his death, it will come." Methuselah died the year of the flood.) Methuselah fathered sons and daughters.
- After Methuselah's birth, the Bible records that Enoch developed an especially close relationship with God leading to his translation to heaven at the age of 365. "And Enoch walked with God 365 years and begat sons and daughters," Gen. 5:22 "And he was not for God took him." Gen. 5:24
- The marriage of brother and sister was common until prohibited by the Law of Moses in 1491 B.C.
- "It is said of Seth and his posterity that they were very good and virtuous, and very happy, without any considerable misfortunes for seven generations." Josephus
- "Seth and his posterity were the inventors of that peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies and their order." Josephus
- The Cainites held greater and greater influence over the godly descendants of Seth as intermarriage became more and more pervasive. Gen. 6:1-2
- Violence, debauchery and immorality characterized a growing percentage of human society. Gen. 6:1-2,4-5, 11
- Seth's great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Lamech, son of Methuselah was born. Lamech lived 777 years and fathered sons and daughters. Lamech was the first man on record who died a natural death before his father. Lamech was able to talk with Adam 56 years (He learned of the Garden of Eden, etc., directly.), his grandsons Japheth, Shem and Ham 98 years, and thus became the intervening link that could bring the eyewitness history from the "Creation" to the death of Shem after the flood. This was a period of 2158 years.
- Methuselah talked with Seth 355 years, Enos 453 years, Cainan 548 years, Mahalaleel 603 years, Jared 735 years and with Enoch 300 years.
- Adam died at the age of 930. (3474 B.C.)
- Enoch was translated in 3017 B.C. at the age of 365.
- Seth died at the age of 912. (2962 B.C.)
- Seth's great-great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Noah, son of Lamech was born. Noah lived 905 years and fathered three sons.
- Enos died at the age of 905. (2864B.C.)
- With intermarriage now common, the Cainites held pervasive influence over the godly descendants of Seth. High moral, social and religious principles were fast becoming extinct.
- Violence, debauchery and immorality now characterized almost the entirety of human society. Gen. 6:11
- Noah talked with Cainan 179 years, Mahalaleel 243 years, Jared 366 years and with Lamech 595 years.
- Cainan died at the age of 910. (2769 B.C.)
- Mahalaleel died in 2714 B.C. at the age of 895.
- Wickedness continued to increase. The great ages of the people allowed for an unparalleled pool of united experience, appetite and imagination applied to any given pursuit.
- Jared died at the age of 962. (2582 B.C.)
- Society essentially became corrupt. Only a few godly people remained.
- Noah's sons were born. Shem the elder son carried on Seth's godly line. Shem lived 600 years and fathered five sons. Shem was 98 at the time of the flood. Gen. 10:21 Japheth, the middle son, fathered seven sons. And Ham, the younger son, fathered four sons. Gen. 9:24
- Noah was called to build the ark and warn of the coming flood. (Circa. 2466 B.C.) Gen. 6
- Noah began 120 years of prophesying about the coming flood. God asked him to conduct this warning for humanity.
- Lamech died five years before the flood at the age of 777. (2353 B.C.)
- Methuselah died shortly before the flood at the age of 969. (2348 B.C.)
- The ark was completed. (Circa. 2348 B.C.) Gen. 7
- The 120 years of warning came to an end. Gen. 7
- The flood deluged the earth. (2348 B.C.) Gen. 7 (Noah and his family were in the ark one year and ten days. They entered in 2348 B.C. and exited in 2347 B.C.) The Deluge: Different Dates Assigned: Usher and English Bible, 2348 B.C.; Hebrew Bible, 2288 B.C.; Playfair Bible, 2352 B.C.; Clinton Bible, 2482 B.C.; Samaritan Pent, 2998 B.C.; Josephus, 3146 B.C.; Dr. Hales, 3155 B.C.; Septuagint, 3246 B.C.
- Meat, grain and vegetables were given to humanity as food items. Gen 9:2-4
- Murder was forbidden. Gen 9:5
- Death penalty for murder, by either animals or humans, instated. Gen. 9:5-6
- The rainbow covenant was instated. God covenanted with humanity and the animal kingdom to never again destroy the earth by flood. The first rainbow was seen. Gen. 8:21-22 and Gen. 9:8-17
- Noah's three sons, Shem, Japheth and Ham began to repopulate the earth.
- Shem had four of his five sons: Arphaxad, who lived 438 years and carried on Seth's godly family line, then Elam, then Asshur "Builder of Nineveh" and finally Lud. Gen. 10:11
- Japheth had three of his seven sons: Comer, Magog and Madai. (No dates or years are given for Japheth's descendants.)
- Ham had four sons: Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. (No dates or years are given for Ham's descendants.)
Canaan was cursed by Noah.
- Canaan was the only son of Ham who bore the curse.
(Paul D. Smith - 1997)
- Shem's first grandchild, Salah, son of Arphaxad was born. Salah lived 433 years, and carried on Seth's godly posterity. He fathered a number of sons and daughters.
- Ham's first grandchild, Nimrod (also known as Izdhubar), son of Cush was born. Nimrod founded Babylon (or Chaldea, the capital was Ur). The Tower of Babel was started. ("The Tower of Babel" the probable "Temple of Jupiter Belus" in Babylon was seen and described by Herodotus in 440 B.C. It was a quarter of a mile square at the base and in eight stories rose 650 feet high.) Gen.10:10
- Shem's fifth son, Aram, was born. Aram had four sons. Gen. 10:23
- Shem's great grandchild, Eber (or Heber), son of Salah was born. Eber lived 464 years and fathered two sons.
- Ham's second and third grandchildren were born. Sidon founded Sidon (the Sidonians and Ammonites) and Heth, the sons of Cannan.
- The destruction of the Tower of Babel caused the dispersion of Babylon's population, sending it to the ends of the earth. It was 101 years from the flood to the "Confusion of Tongues" and the "Dispersion." (2247 B.C.) Gen. 11:1-9
- (Exaggerated Chronologies. "Exaggerated chronologies are common to a large number of nations. Critical examination has (in all cases but one) demonstrated their fallacy; and the many myriads of years postulated for their past civilization and history by the Babylonians, Assyrians, Hindus, Chinese, and others have been shown to be pure fiction, utterly unworthy of belief. Cuneiform scholars confidently place the beginning of Babylon about B.C. 2300, of Assyria about B.C. 1500. The best Arian scholars place the dawn of the Iran civilization about B.C. 1500, of India about B.C. 1200. Chinese investigators can find nothing solid or substantial in the past of the 'Celestials' earlier than B.C. 781, or, at the furthest B.C. 1154." Rawlinson (The "Temple of Jupiter Belus" was named by Nebuchadnezzar. "The Temple of the Seven Lights of the Earth" at Borsippa-Barzipa. ie, Tower of Tongues, located eleven miles from the north ruins of Babylon was described thus by Nebuchadnezzar in the "Borsippa Inscription." "A former king built it, but he did not complete its head. SINCE A REMOTE TIME PEOPLE HAD ABANDONED IT, WITHOUT ORDER EXPRESSING THEIR WORDS. Since that time the earthquake and the thunder had dispersed its sun-dried clay; the bricks of the casing had been split, and the ear of the interior had been scattered in heaps. Merodach, the great lord, excited my mind to repair this building. I did not change the site, nor did I take away the foundation stone. As it had been in former times, so I founded, I made it as it had been in ancient days, so I exalted its summit." Smith's Bible Dictionary.)
- Shem's great-great grandchild, Peleg, son of Eber was born. Peleg's name means, "division." "During his lifetime the people of the world were divided into different language groups and dispersed" Gen 10:24 Peleg lived 239 years and fathered sons and daughters. His brother's name was Joktan. Joktan had 13 sons.)
- The descendants of Japheth dispersed, populating Greece, Parthia, Russia and northern Europe.
- Javan, son of Japheth settled Greece or Ionia. (Attica, Arcadia and Sparta) (The Greeks are said to have been the descendants of Javan, the fourth son of Japheth.)
- The descendants of Ham dispersed, populating Africa and Egypt.
- Mizraim or Egypt (Menes)began to be established. (First through sixth Dynasties) (Old Empire or Native Dynasties 2450 B.C. or 2250 B.C. to about 1750 B.C.)
- The descendants of Canaan settled Phoenicia and Canaan. (The city of Sidon was early celebrated for its textile fabrics, and Tyre for its commerce in purple. The people were the most eminent navigators and traders of antiquity. From Phoenicia came the original alphabet.)
Descendents of Caanan were eventually
subjugated by Israel, thus fulfilling Noah's
- The descendants of Shem dispersed forming the Semetic people of the Middle East, including the Arabs and the nation of Israel.
- Shem's great-great-great grandchild, Reu, son of Peleg was born. Reu lived 239 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Fohi (or Yao) founded China. He was supposed to be the Noah of the Bible. Chinese historians state that Fohi was a divine personage and that he invented a symbolic mode of writing. He also invented music, dressmaking and the custom of sacrificing at the solstices. First Dynasty, Hiah began. (2240 B.C.)
- Ninth Dynasty of Thebes began. (Date not known)
- Shem's great-great-great-great grandchild, Serug, son of Reu was born. Serug lived 230 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Nahor, son of Serug was born. Nahor lived 148 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Terah, son of Nahor was born. Terah lived 205 years. Terah had three sons.
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandchildren, Haran and Nahor, sons of Terah were born. Haran and
- Nahor were the brothers of Abraham.
- Nahor, son of Serug died at the age of 148. (2007 B.C.)
- Peleg died at the age of 239. (2008 B.C.)
- Noah died at the age of 950. Noah lived after the flood 350 years and died two years before Abraham was born. (1998 B.C.)
- Terah's third son, Abraham, was born. Abraham was called "The Father of the Faithful" and "The Friend of God."
- Haran's daughter, Milcah, was born.
- Terah's daughter, Sarah, was born.
- Haran's daughter, Iscah, was born.
- Reu died at the age of 239 years. (1978 B.C.)
- Haran's son, Lot, was born.
- Nahor and Milcah married. (Milcah was niece and wife to Nahor.)
- Serug died at the age of 230. (1955 B.C.)
- Sarah and Abraham married.
- Terah left Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. He stopped short of his goal, however, and settled in the village of Haran.
- Nahor's son, Bethule, was born.
- Lot's two daughters are born.
- Terah died at the age of 205. (1921 B.C.)
- God called Abraham to leave Ur. He and Lot left and journeyed to Canaan. They settled in Shechem (Sichem). (There are 427 years from the flood to the "Call of Abraham." In the call Abraham was promised descendants, and that though him "all the families of the earth will be blessed.") Genesis 12:1-3 (1921 B.C.)
- A famine drove Abraham and Lot into Egypt. (1919 B.C.)
- Abraham and Lot returned to Canaan and in 1916 they separated. (1917 B.C.)
- The Elamites invaded Sodom. Chedoralaomer took Lot and all the people of Sodom captive. Abraham pursued and recaptured all. He killed the four kings. Genesis 14 (1913 B.C.)
- Hagar, Sarah's slave mistress, bore Abraham a son, Ishmael. Ishmael lived 137 years. He fathered 12 sons and became the father of the Arab nations.
- Arphaxad died at the age of 438. (Arphaxad talked with Abraham 88 years.) (1908 B.C.)
- This was the beginning of the Hykso's (or Shepherd Kings of Egypt) three dynasties. The three rulers of this century were: Set (or Saites) for 19 years, Bnon for 40 years and Pacchnan for 36 years. This era was termed the "Middle Empire." (1750 B.C. to 1500 B.C.)
- God repeated his promise of a son to be born to Abraham and Sarah. The covenant of circumcision was made (the sign and seal). Abraham's name was changed from Abram to Abraham, and Sarah's from Sarai to Sarah. (1898 B.C.)
- Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed. Lot along with his two daughters and wife were evacuated from the city by angels. Lot's wife looked back, in disobedience to an expressed command, and became a pillar of salt. (1898 B.C.)
- Sarah gave birth to Isaac in her nineties.
- Hagar and Ishmael were banished from Abraham's camp and returned to the Euphrates River area.
- Ishmael's blood descendants formed the Arabs, but all Moslems, including the Persians, trace ancestry back to Abraham through Ishmael.
- Lot's two daughters each bore a son by their father. They were Moab, father of the Moabites, and Ben-Ammi, father of the Ammonites. Gen 19:30-38
- Bethuel, son of Nahor and Milcah, fathered Laban and Rebekah.
- Salah died at the age of 433. Salah talked with Abraham 118 years and outlived the burning of Sodom by 19 years. (1878 B.C.)
- Sarah died. (1859 B.C.)
- The first immigration into Greece by Inachus began. Greece was already in the possession of powerful tribes, called "The Pelasgi" when the four immigrations of Inachus, Cecrops, Cadmus and Pelops brought Greece into historic notice. From the earliest account of Greece to the Trojan War (1184 B.C.) is termed "The Fabulous Age." (1856 B.C.)
- Whang-ti became Emperor of China at 12 years of age. "He spoke as soon as weaned...discovered the use of the magnet, and made many astonishing inventions." Chinese History (1852B.C.)
- Isaac and Rebekah married. Isaac was 40 at the time.
- Assyria, a colony from Babylonia, capital Asshur, became independent under Ismi. Dagan (1852 B.C.)
- Shem died at the age of 600. Shem lived after the flood 502 years and after Noah 152 years. He talked with Abraham 150 years and with Isaac 50 years. He outlived Lot's wife by 52 years. (1846 B.C.)
- Twin sons, Esau and Jacob, were born to Isaac and Rebekah. Jacob carried on Adam, Seth, Shem and Abraham's godly family line. Esau founded the nation of Edom. (1836 B.C.)
- Abraham died at the age of 175. (1821 B.C.)
- Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of lentils. Gen. 25:29-34
- God passed on Abraham's covenant promise to Isaac. Gen. 26:1-5
- Eber died at the age of 464 years. Eber outlived Abraham by four years, and overlapped Isaac 79 years, and Jacob 20 years. (1817 B.C.)
- Egypt's "Middle Empire" continued. This century's rulers were Staan for 50 years, Archles for 49 years, Apepi (or Apophis) the last king, for 61 years. Joseph was chief minister of Apepi.
- Jacob moved to Mesopotamia. God passed on the covenant promise to him.
- Ishmael died at the age of 137. (1773 B.C.)
- The second dynasty, Shang, began in China. (1756 B.C.)
- Jacob married both Leah (by trickery) and Rachel. Leah bore Jacob six sons and one daughter. Her maid, Zilpah, whom she caused to be a surrogate mother for her, bore Jacob two sons. Rachel bore Jacob two sons and her maid, Bilhah, whom she caused to be a surrogate mother for her, bore Jacob two sons. In total Jacob (Israel) had twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin. The family tree is traced from Adam to the twelve sons of Jacob, from whom sprang the "Twelve Tribes" of the Israelites. (Circa.1752 B.C.)
- Levi's second son, Kohath, was born. Kohath lived 133 years and was the family line through which the Levitical priesthood came. He was a direct ancestor of Moses and Aaron. (1735 B.C.)
- Jacob was called by God to move back to Canaan. He began his journey. On the way he wrestled with an angel who changed his name to "Israel."
- Rachel died on the way back to Canaan. (1732 B.C.)
- Joseph was sent captive to Egypt at the age of seventeen. (1728 B.C.)
- Isaac died at the age of 180. (1716 B.C.)
- Joseph was made governor of Egypt. (1715 B.C.)
- Jacob, now called Israel, and his family went into Egypt. Of Jacob's children and grandchildren, sixty-six went down to Egypt. These plus the nine wives of his sons made 75 people in all. It was 215 years after the "Call of Abraham" that Jacob and his family moved to Egypt. Two hundred and fifteen years later Moses led them out of Egypt and received the Law on Mt. Sinai. Acts 7:14 and Gal. 3:17 (1706 B.C.)
- Pelasgi, from Ardacia, settled Italy (or Latium). The Pelasgi were the primitive inhabitants of Greece and Italy and probably belonged to the Indo-Germanic race. From the Pelasgi came the Dorians, Aeolians and Ionians, all three being Heilenes or Greeks. (1694 B.C.)
- Jacob elevated Ephraim and Manasseh to the same status as his sons, creating the twelve tribes of Israel (Thirteen tribes actually, but Levi was elevated to the status of priesthood, leaving twelve to divide up the land).
- All Babylonia was permanently united. The capital, "Babylon the Great," for some 1700 years stood as the queen city of the world. Pliny says, "It was the greatest city the sun ever shone upon." "Its walls, 300 feet high and 75 feet wide, enclosed an area of 225 square miles. Its temples, palaces, fortresses, brazen gates, quays, artificial mountains and lakes, made it one of the Seven Wonders of the World." Strabo.
- Jacob died at the age of 147. (1689 B.C.)
- Aahmes became Pharoah of Egypt. He ruled for 25 years, expelling the Hyksos and restoring the temples. (Circa. 1655 B.C.)
- Kohath's son, Amram, was born. Amram fathered Moses, Aaron and Miriam. (1646 B.C.)
- This was believed to be the time of the book of Job. Job, of Idumea, an Arabian sage, was supposed by some to be identical with Jobab who was a grandson of Easu. (Circa. 1655 B.C.)
- Levi's daughter, Jochebed, was born. (Jochebed later became the wife of Amram and the mother of Moses, Aaron and Miriam.)
- Genesis, the Bible's first book, came to an end. Genesis embraced 2369 years of history. The Bible's second book, Exodus, began.
- Joseph died at the age of 110. (1635 B.C.)
- Levi died. (1632 B.C.)
- Krishna flourished about this time in India.
- Amen-Hotep the First became Pharaoh of Egypt. He reigned 24 years. Horses and wheeled carts were first represented on monuments.
- Thothmes I became Pharaoh in Egypt and ruled 22 years. He first invaded Asia.
- A little over half of Israel's 215 years in Egypt had passed.
- Amram and Jochebed married. (Circa 1589 B.C.)
- Miriam was born to Amram and Jochebed. (Circa. 1580 B.C.) Miraim became a prophetess and leader in the Israelite exodus.
- Thothmes II became Pharaoh of Egypt and reigned 13 years.
- Atlas, the Astronomer, came on the scene. (1588 B.C.)
- Aaron was born to Amram and Jochebed. (1574 B. C.) Aaron lived 123 years and fathered four children. It was through Aaron's line that the Levitical priesthood was founded.
- Hatasu became Queen of Egypt (daughter of Thothmes) and reigned 20 years. (It is said she wore men's clothing).
- Moses was born to Amarm and Jochebed and was adopted into the Egyptian royal court. At the age of 12 he was taken to live with the Egyptian royal family. (Troy, Athens and Thebes were founded during the days of Moses.) (1571 B.C.)
- Cecrops, from Egypt, founded Athens. (1556 B.C.)
- Thothmes III, The Great, became Pharoah of Egypt and reigned 40 years. As Egypt's greatest conqueror Thothmes III, became known as "The Egyptian Alexander." He adorned Egypt with magnificent temples and works of art and erected the New York Obelisk. "Egypt was at her climax, under Thothmes III. His conquests embraced the then known world of Arabia, Syria, Assyria, Babylonia, Phoenicia, Armenia, Asia Minor, the Isles of the Daniai (probably in the Archipelago), Cyprus, Ethiopia, Libya and Nubia." Dr. Birch.
- Scamander founded the kingdom of Troy. Homer immortalized its history. (1546 B.C.)
- Joshua, son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, was born. Joshua lived 110 years and became the leader of Israel after Moses' death. (1536 B.C.)
- Moses escaped Egypt and settled in Midian. (Circa.1530 B.C.)
- Moses and Zipporah married.
- Aaron's sons, Nadab, Eleazar, Abihu and Ithamar were born.
- Moses' sons Gershom and Elezer were born.
- Amen-Hotep II became Pharoah of Egypt and reigned 31 years.
- Amram died. (1509 B.C.)
- The institution of the Areopagus was founded in Greece. (1504 B.C.)
- Panathenaean games began. (1495 B.C.)
- The Greek alphabet was developed. "Cadmus was said to have brought the fifteen Phoenician letters into Greece. They gradually changed in form, until they became the ground of the Roman letters now used in Europe and America." Arundelian Marbles. "Cadum did first the wondrous art devise, of painting thought and speaking to the eyes." (1493 B.C.)
- Moses saw the burning bush and was called by God to deliver His people from Egypt. Moses arrived in Egypt. The ten plagues occurred. The Passover was instituted. The Israelites left Egypt, loaded with riches given them by the Egyptians. The Red Sea was crossed. The Egyptian army was wiped out. The Law was given. The tabernacle was made. Aaron became the first High Priest. The Theocracy, under God, began and lasted 396 years. The book of Exodus ended its 145-year history. The Book of Leviticus was written in one month. The book of Numbers began. The census was taken. The camp was organized. Canaan was reached. The 12 spies were sent out. The people murmured and were turned back into the wilderness for 40 years. The journey in the wilderness began. Aaron died on Mt. Hor. Eleazar succeeded Aaron as High Priest. Numbers 20:28 (1491 B.C.)
- Lacadaemmon married Sparta. The City of Sparta was founded. (1490 B.C.)
- Helen came to power in Greece. (The mythical ancestor of all the Greeks.) (1459 B.C.)
- The book of Numbers ended its 39-year history of the wanderings of the Israelites. (Circa. 1452 B.C.)
- The twelve tribes of Israel reached the Promised Land. The book of Deuteronomy was written in five weeks. Joshua was made the leader of the Israelites. Moses died on Mt. Nebo at the age of 120. (Moses was taken to heaven. Jude 1:9 and Luke 9:28-33.) Israel entered Canaan 41 years after the Exodus from Egypt. Jericho was taken and the invasion of Palestine began. Joshua defeated the five kings of Canaan. (Joshua 10) The book of Joshua was begun. Palestine became the home of both the Canaanites and the Children of Israel. (1451 B.C.)
- The Book of Joshua concluded its 25-year history. Joshua died at the age of 110. (1426 B.C.)
- This was the time of the Elders. From the death of Joshua there was a span of 17 years before the first Judge appeared. The Elders who outlived Joshua filled the role of leadership to Israel for a portion of these years. Israel "served the Lord" during this time. Once these Elders died the nation began to abandon the Theocracy. Leadership was weak and for the most part the people did "every man what is right in his own eyes." Judges 2:7,10, Judges 2:10-13 and Judges 21:25
- The Israelite's first servitude to Mesopotamia (Syria). It lasted for eight years. Judges 3:1-8 (1417 B.C.)
- The first judge, Othnel, ruled for 40 years. Judges 3:9-11 (The chronology of the Judges is very uncertain because we are not told where overlapping occurs. This is one possible alignment.) (1409 B.C.)
- Nineteenth Dynasty of Thebes. Ramesses I ruled for one year in Egypt. (Circa. 1399 B.C.)
- Seti I (or Sesostris), Ramesses' son, began his 25-year rule of Egypt. Seti I built the "Grand Hall of Columns" at Karnak, began Belzoni's tomb, dug the canal from the Nile to the Red Sea and made the "Great Table of Abydos." (Circa.1398 B.C.)
- Troas came to power in Troy. He founded the city of Troy. (1373 B.C.)
- Ramseese II, The Great, son of Seti I, began his 61-year rule of Egypt. Ramseese II was the most famous of the Egyptian kings. He was termed the King of the Persecution. He built cities and magnificent temples, one of which is the Rock Temple of Ipsambul with its four Colossi, 70 feet high. He also built the great wall, 30 miles long, the Raameseum at Thebes and introduced polygamy in Egypt. He was the father of 59 sons and 60 daughters. (Circa.1373 B.C.)
- Israel's second servitude by Elgon, king of Moab, lasted 18 years. (1369 B.C.)
- Israel's second judge was Ehud. Judges 3:30 states that the land was at rest for 80 years after he started to rule. (Usher, however, allowed Ehud only a 13-year span of leadership.) Judges 3:12-30. The third judge was Shamgar. His length of service was not recorded. Judges 3:31 (1356 B.C.)
- Israel's fourth servitude under Jaben and Sisera lasted 20 years.
- Israel's fourth period of Judges was under the leadership of Deborah and Barak and lasted for 40 years. Judges 4 and 5 (1338 B.C.)
- Israel's fifth servitude to Midian lasted for seven years.
- The Institution of the Isthmian Games by Sisyphus was established. (1326 B.C.)
- Menepthah, son of Ramesses II came to power in Egypt. He ruled 10 years. (Circa.1310 B.C.)
- Siculi, from Italy, settled Sicily. (Circa. 1293 B.C.)
- Israel's fifth Judge, Gideon, ruled for 40 years. Judges 6 - 8 (1291 B.C.)
- This was the beginning of the Twentieth Dynasty of Thebes. Set-Net was the ruler for about 3 years. He restored order. Ramesses III, his son, who ruled for about 35 years, succeeded him. Ramesses III is known as the "Egyptian Solomon." He "built the Temple of Ammon at Meoinet-Abou. He was the last of the heroic Kings of Egypt, uniting the valor of David with the luxury of Solomon." D. S. Birch. (1280 B.C.)
- Assyria and Babylon united under Tiglathninip I, son of Shalmaneser I. He was the first to assume the title, "King of Nations" as king of Sumir and Akkad. (1271 B.C.)
- Tyndareus, father of Helen, became ruler of Sparta. (Greece) (1266 B.C.)
- Temple of Apollo at Delphi was built. Argonautic Expedition, under Jason, to Colchia was accomplished. (First Naval Expedition on record.) (1263 B.C.)
- Palamedes invented dice. (1244 B.C.)
- Hercules (or Heracles) became ruler in Mycenae. (1240 B.C.)
- The time of the Book of Ruth was in progress. Ruth married Boaz, a relative of her mother-in-law. (1256 B.C.)
- Israel's sixth Judge, Abimelech, one of Gideon's sons, killed his brothers and appointed himself as Judge. His term lasted 3 years.
- Israel's seventh Judge, Tola, ruled for 23 years. Judges 10:1-2 (1251 B.C.)
- Troy was captured by the Argonauts. (1239 B.C.)
- Theseus, the King in Attica, gathered his people into one city, which he named Athens. (1234 B.C.)
- Rimmon became king of Babylon beginning its separation from Assyria. (1230 B.C.)
- Israel's eighth Judge, Jair, ruled for 22 years. Judges 10:3-5
- King Theseus of Attica carried off Helen, daughter of Tyndareus, King of Sparta. (She was rescued by Castor and Pollux, and married to Menelaus, who succeeded Tyndareus as King of Sparta.) (1228 B.C.)
- Philistine and Ammonite oppression of Israel lasted for 18 years.
- The decline of Egypt began. Art almost disappeared and literature was wanting. (1225 B.C.)
- Priam, father of Paris, became ruler of Troy. Babylon and Assyria became separate nations again. (1220 B.C.)
- Israel's ninth Judge, Jephthah, ruled for six years. Judges 10:6 -12:7 (1206 B.C.)
- Israel's tenth Judge, Ibzan, ruled for seven years. Judges 12:8-10 (1200 B.C.)
- Third Dynasty, Tchou, of China began. The first sovereign was Ven Vang (Circa. 1132 B.C.)
- Paris, son of Priam, visited Greece and carried away Helen, wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta. Menelaus assembled the princes of Greece with their forces, under the command of Agamemnon, the brother of Menaiaus, and with a large armament sailed to Troy. (1194 B.C.)
- After a siege of ten years, known as the Trojan War, the Greeks, under Agamemnon, took the city of Troy by stratagem and destroyed it. (The Trojan horse entered history.) (1184 B.C.)
- Israel's eleventh Judge, Elon, ruled for 10 years. Judges 12:11-12 (1193 B.C.)
- Israel's twelfth Judge, Abdon, ruled for 8 years. Judges 12:13-15 (1183 B.C.)
- The seventh servitude of Israel, under the Philistines, lasted for 40 years.
- Israel's thirteenth Judge, Samson, ruled for 20 years. Judges 13 - 16 (1175 B.C.)
- The Book of First Samuel began its 115-year record of history. (1171 B.C.)
- Israel's fourteenth Judge (and Priest), Eli, ruled for 40 years. 1 Samuel 1:3 and 4:18
- The Book of Judges concluded its 271-year history. (1155 B.C.)
- Israel's eighth servitude, under the Philistines, lasted 20 years.
- Israel's fifteenth Judge, Samuel the Prophet, ruled for 20 years. 1 Samuel 3:19-21 and 4:1 (1115 B.C.)
- Sadua (or Simmas-Sipak) became King of Babylon. He ruled for 17 years. A break of 220 years began in Babylonian history. The biarchy of Sparta began at the death of Aristodemus, in 1100 B.C. His twin sons succeeded him. The Twenty-first Dynasty of Tanis began in Egypt. (????Usurpation of High Priests. Hur-Nor, High Priest of Amnon, first ruler, 26 years.????) Egyptian history was a blank. A Chinese dictionary containing 40,000 characters was completed by Pa-out-she. ? (1100 B.C.)
- The Theocracy ended and the Jewish Monarchy began. Saul, son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, became the first King of Israel. From the crossing of Jordan River and the entrance into Canaan in 1451 B.C., to King Saul in 1065 B.C., was a period of 365 years. (1095 B.C.)
- Beginning with 1080 B.C. few Assyrian inscriptions were known for about 150 years. The Hebrew kings, David and Solomon, became strong as Assyria became weak.
- David began writing his Psalms.
- David, son of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah, became king of Israel. The book of First Samuel ends its 115-year history. The Book of Second Samuel was begun. (1055 B.C.)
- David defeated the Jebusites and Jerusalem became the capital of Israel. (1048 B.C.)
- Solomon, David's son by Bathsheba, was born. (1033 B.C.)
- Absolom revolted, was defeated and died. (1023 B.C.)
- The book of Second Samuel was concluded. Second Samuel covered 38 years of history. First Kings, the eleventh book of the Bible, began its 119-year history.
- Solomon, son of David, became King of Israel. His reign is called "The Glorious Kingdom." These were Israel's greatest years. (1015 B.C.)
- Solomon's Temple was built.
- Solomon's books, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon were written.
- Syria lost to Israel in 980 B.C. Hadad (or Benhadad) was the ruler of Syria. He was hired by Asa, King of Judah, to make war on Bassha, King of Israel.
- Solomon died. The fight for his throne resulted in the twelve tribes of Israel dividing, creating the Great Schism. The two southern tribes, Benjamin and Judah, maintained Jerusalem as their capital and became the Kingdom of Judah under the ruler ship of Rehoboam. He reigned 17 years. The Kingdom of Judah continued, with 20 kings from the reign of Solomon, for 387 years. The ten northern tribes of Israel revolted and became the kingdom of Israel under the ruler ship of Jeroboam. He reigned 21 years. Israel continued, with 19 kings from the reign of Solomon, for 254 years. Israel made Samaria its capitol. (975 B.C.)
- Abijah became the king of Judah. (958 B.C.)
- Asa became the king of Judah. Asa reigned 41 years and was noted as a good and godly king. (955 B.C.)
- Nadab became the king of Israel. (954 B.C.)
- Baasha became the king of Israel. Baasha reigned 23 years. ("There was war between Asa and Baasha all their days.") 1 Kings 15:32 (952 B.C.)
- Elah became the king of Israel. He reigned 10 years. Asshur-Dayan II became the king of Assyria. (930 B.C.)
- Benhadad, son of Hadad, became the king of Syria. He was at war with King Ahab of Israel for two years. (Circa. 925 B.C.)
- Zimri made himself king of Israel. He reigned for seven days. (920 B.C.)
- Omri became the king of Israel. He reigned for 10 years. (920 B.C.)
- Ahab became the king of Israel. He married Jezebel and reigned for 21 years. During this time, Elijah was the prophet in Israel. (918 B.C.)
- Jehoshaphat, son of Asa, became the king of Judah. He reigned for 25 years. Jehoshaphat was noted as a good king. (914 B.C.)
- Benhadad besieged Samaria. A severe famine resulted. Miraculously the Syrian army panicked and fled, producing a great plenty. Ahaziah became the king of Israel. He reigned one year and was noted as an evil king. (891 B.C.)
- The book of Second Kings began its 308-year record of history. (890 B.C.)
- First and Second Chronicles appeared in this century. First Chronicles was written in entirety, providing a genealogical history from the Creation to the death of David in 1015 B.C. Second Chronicles began its 427-year history, spanning from the death of David to the captivity by Nebuchadnezzar in 588 B.C.
- Joram became the king of Israel. He reigned 12 years. (892 B.C.)
- Jehoram became the king of Judah. He reigned four years. (889 B.C.)
- Ahaziah became the king of Judah. He reigned one year. (885 B.C.)
- Hazael became the king of Syria. He reigned 40 years.
- Jehu became the king of Israel, reigning 27 years and Athaliah became the queen of Judah, reigning 6 years. (984 B.C.)
- Nebo-Baladan became the king of Babylon. A boundary was fixed by treaty with Assyria. (880 B.C.)
- Joash became the king of Judah at seven years of age, under the guidance of Jehoiadah the High Priest. Joash reigned 39 years. While Jehoiadah lived Joash was noted as a good king. At Jehoiadah's death Joash turned evil. He was finally slain. (878 B.C.)
- Dido, from Tyre, sister of Pygmhlion, founded Carthage. ("Dido purchased, for her city, as much land as a bullock's hide would enclose; then cutting it into a very fine string made it enclose a large space.") (869 B.C.)
- Jehoahaz became the king of Israel. He reigned 16 years. (857 B.C.)
- During this time Elisha the Tishbite was a prophet in Israel. He served for about 55 years.
- Jehoash became the king of Israel. He reigned 16 years. (841 B.C.)
- Amaziah became the king of Judah. He reigned 29 years. (839 B.C.)
- Jeroboam II became the king of Israel. He reigned 41 years. (825 B.C.)
- Caranus founded Macedon. (813 B.C.)
- Uzziah, became the king of Israel. He reigned 52 years. (810 B.C.)
- Jonah was called to preach to Nineveh. The book of Jonah was written. (785 B.C.)
- Amos prophesied. The book of Amos was written. At this time, according to Archbishop Usher, there was an inter-regnum of 11 years in Israel. During this period Zechariah reigned for one year and Shallum for one month. (784 B.C.)
- The first Olympiad was held. (July 1, 776 B.C.)
- Romulus, the founder of Rome, was born. (770 B.C.)
- Menahem became the king of Israel. He reigned for 11 years.
- A remarkable eclipse of the sun was noted in the Assyrian Chronological Canon. The date proved correct. (763 B.C.)
- Pekahiah became the king of Israel. He reigned two years. (761 B.C.)
- Isaiah became a prophet in Israel. The book of Isaiah started. Isaiah prophesied for about 62 years. (760 B.C.)
- Pekah became the king of Israel. He reigned 20 years. (759 B.C.)
- Joel prophesied. The book of Joel was written. (758 B.C.)
- Rome was founded by Romulus. He ruled 38 years. (April 21, 753 B.C.)
- Jotham became the king of Judah. He ruled for 16 years and "did right." (758 B.C.)
- Tiglathpileser II became the king of Assyria. He conquered Babylon. (745 B.C.)
- Ahaz became the king of Judah. He ruled for 16 years and "did not right." (742 B.C.)
- Anarchy reigned in Israel. (739 B.C.)
- Babylon and Assyria became one nation under Assyria. Shalmaneser IV was king. (731 B.C.)
- Hoshea became the king of Israel. (730 B.C.)
- Hezekiah became the king of Judah. He reigned 23 years and was noted as "good." Shalmaneaser invaded Israel. Israel, under King Hoshea, became a tributary to Assyria. (728 B.C.)
- Hosea prophesied. He was called to reprove Israel for their sins and idolatry and warn Judah. Hosea prophesied for 60 years. Hoshea revolted against Assyrian domination. (725 B.C.)
- Assrya invaded Israel. (724 B.C.)
- The Ethiopian twenty-fifth Dynasty began in Egypt. Shabak was ruler for 12 years. (723 B.C.)
- The kingdom of Israel came to an end. Samaria was taken and Israel, comprised of the 10 northern tribes of the "Children of Israel," was carried away into Assrya, never to return. (They disappeared into the lands across the north, vanishing from worldview. Hence they are called "The Lost Tribes.") (721 B.C.)
- Micah prophesied. The book of Micah was written. (710 B.C.)
- Media revolted against Assrya. Deioces became the king of Media and Persia. He ruled for 53 years. (705 B.C.)
- Bablyon was destroyed and Jerusalem besieged by Sennacherib, the king of Assryia. Nahum prophesied. The book of
- Nahum was written. (700 B.C.)
- Manasseh became the king of Judah. He reigned 55 years and was noted as the most wicked of Judah's kings. During a short captivity Manasseh repented of his wickedness. He was restored to his kingdom and sought to reverse the effects of his earlier evil actions. (698 B.C.)
- Esarhaddon restored Babylon. (681 B.C.)
- Chinese historian, Sematsin, affixed the first dates to Chinese history. King-Vang I was ruler of China. (651 B.C.)
- Amon became the king of Judah. He ruled two years and "did evil." (643 B.C.)
- Josiah became the king of Judah. He ruled 31 years and is noted as a "noble king." (641 B.C.)
- Zephaniah prophesied. The book of Zephaniah was written. (630 B.C.)
- Jeremiah's prophesying began. He continued for 41 years. The book of Jeremiah started. (629 B.C.)
- Nabopolassar became the king of Babylon. Uniting with Necho of Egypt and Cyaxares of Media, he took Nineveh and ended the Assyrian Empire. Thales, first of the seven sages, or wise men of Greece, suggested that the earth was round. (626 B.C.)
- Aesop was born. He lived 56 years. (620 B.C.)
- Rome flourished under Tarquin. (616 B.C.)
- Jehoahaz became the king of Judah. He ruled for three months. Pharoah Neco of Egypt then deposed and imprisoned him, installing his son, Jehoiakim as king. Jehoahaz was taken prisoner to Egypt where he died. Jehoiakim became the king of Judah. He ruled for 11 years. Habakkuk prophesied. The book of Habakkuk was written. This is the time of Sappho, the Greek poetess. (610 B.C.)
- Babylon invaded Judah. Daniel and his fellows, and "all the princes and all the mighty men of valor and all the craftsmen and smiths were carried away into Babylon." Daniel arose on the prophetic scene. His lived 72 years. The book of Daniel was started. 2 Kings 24:10-17 (606 B.C.)
- Nebuchadnezzar became the king of Babylon. He ruled 43 years. The Chaldee-Babylonian Empire extended from the Tigris River to the Nile River. Daniel 11:38 (605 B.C.)
- Babylon again invaded Judah and took captives. (595 B.C.)
- Ezekiel prophesied. The book of Ezekiel started. (595 B.C.)
- Babylon invaded Jerusalem and brought Jewish independence to an end. From this time on the Jews are under Babylon, Persia, Egypt, Syria and Rome until 70 A.D. when they were scattered around the world. On the tenth of Loos, Solomon's temple burned. The kingdom of Judah existed 133 years after the ten tribes, comprising the Kingdom of Israel, were carried away into Assyria. (588 B.C.)
- Obadiah written. (587 B.C.)
- Cyrus became ruler of Media. Confucius was born in China. He lived 88 years. (559 B.C.)
- Daniel was cast into the Lion's den. (554 B.C.)
- The Temple of Diana, the third wonder of the world, was built at Ephesus. (552 B.C.)
- Cyrus conquered Asia Minor. A republic was established in Carthage. (550 B.C.)
- Thespis, Greek poet and tragedian. What about him? Born? (Circa. 549 B.C.)
- Pisistratus founded the first public library at Athens and collected the poems of Homer. (544 B.C.)
- Cyrus conquered Babylon, setting Darius on the throne as an under-king. The city of Babylon was 15 miles square. It had walls 350 feet high and 87 feet thick which incorporated 25 brass gates on each side. (538 B.C.)
- Zerubbabel was sent up to Judah with 42,360 people to rebuild the Temple. Zerubbabel was governor of Jerusalem. The book of Ezra started its 80-year history. Pythagora, of Magna-Graecia visited Egypt. Pythagoras discovered the forty-seventh problem, the multiplication table and suggested ideas of which the Copernican system was the full development. (536 B.C.)
- Cambyses became the king of Persia. (529 B.C.)
- The dynasty of the Pharaohs ended and Egypt became a Persian Province. (527 B.C.)
- Confucius remodeled the sacred books of the Chinese. The books of Haggai and Zechariah were written. (520 B.C.)
- Darius I became the king of the Persian Empire. (521 B.C.)
- Jeshua became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (515 B.C.)
- The ruler of Carthage made the first alliance with Rome. (503 B.C.)
- Sophocles, the dramatist was born. He lived 90 years and wrote 113 plays. Only 7 are existent today. (495 B.C.)
- Xerxes became the king of Persia. He ruled 21 years and was succeeded by Artabanus for 1 year. (485 B.C.)
- Herodotus was born. Herodotus was called the father of history. He lived 84 years. (484 B.C.)
- Joiakim became High Priest in Jerusalem.
- Artaxerxes I Longimanus, (Long-hands) (also known as Xerxes or Ahashuerus) became the king of Persia. He ruled 40 years. The story of Esther occurred during his rule. Artaxerxes I was succeeded by Sogdianus for 1 year. (483 B.C.)
- Euripides was born. He lived 74 years. (Oct 20, 480 B.C.)
- Socrates was born. He lived 70 years. (469 B.C.)
- Hypocrites known as the "The Father of Medicine" was born. (460 B.C.)
- Ezra was sent to govern Jerusalem. (458 B.C.)
- Nehemiah was sent to "restore and rebuild" the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah 2:5-8. The book of Nehemiah started. (445 B.C.)
- Eliashib was high priest in Jerusalem. (433 B.C.)
- Plato was born. He lived 82 years. (429 B.C.)
- The book of Malachi began in 420 B.C. (Malachi was completed in 397 B.C.)
- Egypt became free of Persian rule. The Egyptian freedom lasted 63 years. Joiada was High Priest in Jerusalem. (413 B.C.)
- Soldiers were first paid in Rome. (406 B.C,)
- Artaxerxes II Mnemon (Memory) became the king of Persia. (405 B.C.)
- Delhi founded in India. (400 B.C.)
- The 39 books of the Old Testament ended. Four hundred years of Biblical silence started. (397 B.C.)
- Aristotle was born. He lived 62 years. (384 B.C.)
- John was the High Priest in Jerusalem. (373 B.C.)
- Philip II became the king of Macedon. He first married Olympias, then Cleopatra. (359 B.C.)
- Alexander III, The Great, succeeded his father at the age of 20, as the king of Macedon. He swept across the then known world creating the Macedonian Empire and after conquering the "world" died at the age of 33. (336 B.C.)
- Alexander the Great defeated the city of Tyre. Alexandria, in Egypt, the walls of which were six miles in circumference was built by Alexander the Great. It became the residence of the Ptolemies, the Greek sovereigns of Egypt. (332 B.C.)
- Persia fell to Alexander the Great. (330 B.C.)
- The Macedonian empire divided into: Egypt under Ptolemy I Lagus (Reputed son of Philip, half brother of Alexander); Syria, under the King of Phrygia, Anticonus; Cappadocia, Asia Minor, under Eumenes; Bithynia, under Bas; Pergamus, under Lysimachus; Greece, under Cassander; Thrace, under Lysimachus; and Macedon under, Philip Aridaeus III. (323 B.C.)
- Alexander was buried in Alexandria. (322 B.C.)
- Rome waged war and made conquests everywhere.
- Onias became High Priest in Jerusalem. (321 B.C.)
- Appius Claudius constructed the first Roman military road, 350 miles long and called the "Appian Way." (312 B.C.)
- Time was first divided into hours by a sundial of L. Papirius, Cursor at Rome. (293 B.C)
- The sixth wonder of the world, the Brass Colossus of Rhodes, was built. (290 B.C.)
- Archimedes was born. He invented, among other things, the screw and lever. (287 B.C.)
- The Alexandrian Library was built by Plolemy-Philadelpohus. It contained 700,000 volumes. (284 B.C.)
- The Pharos of Alexandria, the seventh wonder of the world was built by Plolemy-Philadelphus. It was 550 feet high. (280 B.C.)
- The Forth Dynasty, Tsin, began in China. Chi-Hoang-Ti was the first Emperor. The "Great Wall " of China was started by Chihoang-Ti. (263 B.C.)
- The first Roman fleet was built. (260 B.C.)
- The Parthian Empire is started. Arsaces was the first ruler. "There was always a second power in the world, civilized or semi-civilized, that in a true sense balanced Rome, acted as a counterpoise and check, and had to be consulted or considered. That power for nearly 300 years (64 B.C. to 225 A.D.) was Parthia." Rawlinson (250 B.C.)
- The "Great Wall" of China was completed. The wall was 1,500 miles long, averaging a height of 20 feet, with a tower every 300 feet. It crossed mountains 5,000 feet high. (236 B.C.)
- Hannibal became the ruler of Carthage. He ruled for 37 years. (220 B.C.)
- Hannibal defeated the Romans. (221 B.C.)
- Simon became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (217 B.C.)
- The Jewish Sanhedrin was first mentioned. ? (198 B.C.)
- The Greek Bible (Septuagint) was translated at Alexandria, in Egypt by 70 Hebrew scholars. This translation was authorized by the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem in order to give Jewish exiles a scripture in the language of their exile. (? B.C.)
- Onias became the High Priest in Jerusalem. The Rosetta stone was created. Britain appeared with Caswallon as the king. (195 B.C.)
- Jason became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (175 B.C.)
- The streets of Rome were paved. (174 B.C.)
- The first public bakery was started in Rome. (170 B.C.)
- Macedon was conquered by Rome. (168 B.C.)
- Jud was vaascant ???in Jerusalem. (165 B.C.)
- The Jews signed a treaty with the Romans. The first treaty with the Jews on record. (161 B.C.)
- Hipparchus of Nice, Bithynia, laid the foundations of Geographical and Astronomical Science. Elder Pliny called him "the confidant of nature" and "Patriarch of Astronomy." He flourished between 160 B.C. and 125 B.C.
- Simon became the High Priest and governor in Jerusalem. (150 B.C.)
- Greece became a Roman province under the name of Athens. Carthiage was taken by Scipio and became a part of Rome. (146 B.C.)
- Hyrcanus became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (136 B.C.)
- Spain became a Roman province. Pergamus became a Roman province. (133 B.C.)
- John Hyrcanus destroyed the temple on Mount Gerizim. (130 B.C.)
- Hyrcanus, the High Priest of Jerusalem, took the title "King of the Jews." (107 B.C.)
- Cicero, Roman orator and philosopher was born. He lived 63 years.
- The government of the Maccabees began in Palestine. (The priest Mattathias took refuge in Modin with his five sons, the Maccabees. Mattathias gave the signal for the attack. The Hassidaeans joined him. Judas Maccabaeus led the revolt after Mattathias died.) Janneus became the King of the Jews. (106 B.C.)
- Britain was first known to be an island by the Romans who sailed around it. (84 B.C.)
- Alexandra, Janneus' widow, became Queen of the Jews. 79 B.C.
- The poet Virgil was born. He lived 51 years. Odin settled Scandinavia. (70 B.C.)
- Hyrcanus became the ruler of the Jews. (69 B.C.)
- Horace, the poet was born. He lived 57 years. (65 B.C.)
- The first Triumvirate of Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey were formed. (60 B.C.)
- Crasus invaded Parthia and was destroyed. (53 B.C.)
- The Sanhedrin took over ruler ship of the Jews. Pompey of Rome conquered Jerusalem. (57 B.C.)
- Pompey was defeated at Pharsatia. Syria became a part of Rome. (August 9, 48 B.C.)
- Antipater ruled the Jews. (47 B.C.)
- Ovid, "the love-poet of the Romans" was born. He lived 61 years and authored over 54 books. (46 B.C.)
- Caesar, then dictator for four years, was slain in the Senate House by Brutus and Cassius, and fell at Pompey's statue, He sustained 23 wounds. He was known as a great general, statesman and warrior. (March 15, 44 B.C.)
- Octavius, Lepidus and Mark Antony formed the second Triumvirate. (43 B.C.)
- The Roman Senate appointed Herod, an Idumean Arab, King of Judea. He ruled for 34 years. Herod began construction of the great Jewish Temple on Mt. Moriah in Jerusalem. (37 B.C.)
- Lepidus was expelled from the Triumvirate. (36 B.C.)
- Octavius, at Actium, defeated Cleopatra and Antony. (September 2, 31 B.C.)
- Egypt became a Roman province. (30 B.C.)
- Octavius, being sole ruler, assumed the Imperial Purple. (27 B.C.)
- Augustus Caesar was the first Emperor of Rome. The Golden Age of Rome started. Augustus ruled 44 years. He died August 19, 14 A.D. (27 B.C.)
- The Apostle Peter was born. Peter lived 78 years. (10 B.C.)
- John the Baptist was born. He was six months older then Jesus. (? B.C.)
- Jesus Christ was born. (6-4 B.C.)
** Several sources have been referenced and
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